Software Alternatives

A list of alternative software to replace common applications, made up of mostly free and open-source options, many of which I use daily. This list is intended to assist those who are considering switching to a Linux-based OS, or are looking to reduce their reliance on proprietary or privacy-hostile options. The portability, security and flexibility of FOSS solutions is widely documented elsewhere, and nearly all the packages are immediately available on Ubuntu / Fedora default repositories. Many of the applications also have OSX/Windows versions available.

This list will be updated regularly, for more options, also consult alternative.to and Ubuntu. For further information on Firefox privacy/security, Chromium privacy/security and Android privacy/security, please see links.

OS

Microsoft Windows / Apple OSX => Linux-based OS (Ubuntu / Fedora / Mint / Debian)
Windows Mobile / Apple iOS => CyanogenMod, Replicant, or AOSP-Based ROM
CCleaner => FSLint / Bleachbit (though mostly unnecessary)

Internet / Media

Amazon Kindle / Google Play Books => Calibre + FBReader
Dropbox / Google Drive / Apple iCloud => Syncthing / Bittorrent Sync (not open-source) / Unison / RSync
Flipboard / Feedly => Tiny Tiny RSS
Google Chrome / Internet Explorer => Mozilla Firefox (Addons) / Chromium (Can use Chrome Extensions)
Google Earth Client => Marble
Google Maps => OpenStreetMaps
Google Photos / Flickr / Instagram => Piwigo / Gallery3
Google Play Music / Netflix / Pandora / Spotify => Plex Media Server / Kodi
Microsoft Remote Desktop => VNC / X2GO / Remmina (multi-protocol)
Pocket / Instapaper => Wallabag / Email
Windows Media Player => VLC / SMPlayer

Communication

GMail / Outlook / Yahoo Mail => Self-hosted or Fastmail / ProtonMail
Outlook Desktop => Mozilla Thunderbird + GPG/PGP / Mutt
Photo Booth => Camorama / Cheese
Skype => Mumble / Linphone
Messenger => Pidgin (supports variety of services) / Telegram (cross-platform messaging)

Security

Antivirus => ClamAV + ClamTK (mostly unnecessary) / RKHunter
Lastpass / 1Password => Keepass (Chromium ExtensionFirefox Addon / Android)

Virtualization / Containers

Parallels / VMware Fusion + Workstation => Oracle Virtualbox / Docker
Microsoft Hyper-V / VMware ESXi => KVM / Proxmox
Windows Emulation => Wine / PlayOnLinux

Productivity

Adobe Illustrator => Inkscape
Adobe Lightroom => Darktable
Adobe Photoshop => GIMP
Google Docs => Zimbra / Kolab / OwnCloud
Google Picasa => Shotwell / GThumb / digiKam
iTunes => Rhythmbox
Microsoft Excel => Libreoffice Calc / Libreoffice Math
Microsoft Powerpoint => Libreoffice Impress
Microsoft Publisher => Scribus
Microsoft Word => Libreoffice Writer
Notepad / Code Editor => Github Atom / Sublime Text 2 (not open-source) / Vim
Quickbooks / MYOB => GNUCash
Sound Editing => Audacity
Transcoding => Handbrake / FFmpeg

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